what type of lawyer do i used if someone owes me money & will not pay

by Amanda Ritchie I 9 min read

You need a good civil litigation, general practice attorney or debt collection attorney. This individual, from what you have described is likely to file for Bankruptcy and you will then get zilch.

Full Answer

What should I do if someone owes me money?

Compile information about the person who owes you money. You want to make sure you're suing the right person using his or her correct legal name, and including all required parties.

Can I sue someone who owes me money?

If you loaned someone money and they refuse to pay, it’s only natural to think, “Can I sue someone who owes me money?” The answer is, yes, you can. That’s why the small claims court exists. It is a specific type of court that hears cases between two parties without the need to have expensive, drawn-out lawsuits.

Why does someone owe me money?

Someone might owe you money for a variety of reasons. It might be that you loaned cash to a friend or did work for a stranger and then never received reimbursement or payment. This may sound like a familiar problem, but if you are owed money, and you’re left with limited means to recoup it, you need to take definitive action.

What kind of lawyer do I need to do collections work?

A collections lawyer can do it. A lawyer who does collections litigation can do it. I do not do collections work. but there are many in town who do. You can call the Virginia Lawyer Referral Service for a name. You need a commercial or civil litigation attorney.


What do you do when someone owes you money?

If that doesn't work, take these steps to start collecting money you are owed:Understand the Dynamics. The person who owes you money has broken his/her word. ... Remind Them About the Debt. ... Send a Letter. ... If All Else Fails, Get Your Lawyer to Write a Letter. ... Make Sure the Lawyer's Letter Goes Out. ... Go to Court.

What can you do if someone won't pay you back?

What to Do When Someone Doesn't Pay You BackGive gentle reminders. People are busy, and sometimes they forget about the money they owe. ... Renegotiate payment terms. ... Have them pay you with something else. ... Get collateral. ... Offer to help with financial planning. ... Ask to use their credit card.

Can you sue a friend that owes you money?

Yes, you can sue someone who owes you money. When someone keeps "forgetting" to pay you or flat out refuses to pay up, the situation can quickly become frustrating. You can take the issue to a small claims court and pursue legal action if it meets the minimum and maximum money thresholds.

How do you force someone to pay you back?

Tips on getting your money backGive gentle Reminders. When approaching the topic of collecting the payments from your friend or relative, try to be firm, yet straightforward. ... Express Urgency. ... Ask for updates. ... Add deadlines. ... Offer Payment Installments. ... Bartering. ... Drinks on them! ... Taking Legal Action.

Can I report to police if someone owes me money?

Unfortunately, you can't go to the police if someone owes you money. Personal loan cases are treated as civil cases instead of criminal cases, so the police will not be able to assist you.

Can you take someone to court if they owe you money?

To win a case, you need to have some evidence that your friend owes you money. This doesn't have to be a written legal contract, with witnesses etc. Suing someone for money is a civil case and the judge will decide who wins “on the balance of probabilities”, looking at whose story seems most likely.

Do I need a lawyer for small claims court?

You do not need a lawyer for small claims court, and some states don't even allow you to have one. Read an overview of your state's small claims court laws first. There are many advantages to seeking legal help from an attorney, but you would likely have to pay attorney's fees.

What happens if you loan someone money and they don't pay back?

If you receive interest from the loan, that is income and must be claimed on your taxes. If you do not get repaid, the money might be considered a gift to the other person, and both you and they may have to account for it in your taxes if over a certain dollar amount threshold.

What do you call someone who doesn't pay you back?

Deadbeat specifically means someone who doesn't pay back money borrowed, or debts owed, ever. A deadbeat borrows, and betrays trust of family and friends.

How do you get someone to pay you back they owe you money?

Here are the best ways to ask for money back:Don't get confrontational. Credit: TriStar Pictures. ... Drop hints about needing money. ... Highlight your own financial situation. ... Ask for money back in writing. ... Be flexible about receiving money back. ... Add a sense of urgency. ... Ask them to cover your half of the bill. ... Ask their parents.

How do I collect personal debt from a friend?

How to Collect Personal Debt from a Friend, Family Member, or a...Use a Promissory Note. ... Be Polite. ... Put Your Requests for Payment in Writing. ... Think about a Debt Settlement Agreement. ... Call in the Big Guns.

Can I sue my ex for money owed?

Yes, you can sue him. The real question is whether you'll win, which depends on whether you can prove he owes you money. This will be much easier to do if you have a written agreement with him, or even evidence of what your agreement...

Money Threshold for Small Claims Court

Check your state's small claims case money limit first before considering legal action. You can search for the terms " [your state] money owe small claims court" or " [your state] money claims conciliation court." Look for a .gov website with an answer, or call a small claims court attorney with questions.

Small Claims Judgment 101

Small claims court exists to give two or more parties a place to state their side of the story. However, you should carefully consider if suing someone is the right course of action.

Owing Money: Legal Definition

There are some guidelines you need to follow to sue someone for owed money. You obviously can't gift someone money and one day decide you want it back. You also can't loan someone money but never tell them you expect to be paid back.

Suing Someone for Loans or Debts 101

To show your case in the best possible light, it is a good idea to try other methods of debt collection first. Be sure to ask for the money — preferably in writing — so there is a record of your attempts. This is called a " demand letter ."

Step 1: Filing Your Complaint and Paying Filing Fees

First, check the thresholds for the amount of money you are requesting and the correct court to file in. If the amount is too small or too large, you won't be able to file in small claims court.

Step 2: Serving the Lawsuit and Court Dates

The fee you paid may go toward a court official " serving " the case. This means they will find the person who owes money (the "defendant") and give them official notice that they are being sued by you (the "litigant"). You might also be able to serve the defendant yourself through certified mail.

Step 3: Attend Court Hearing

Be on time for your court date. You can expect the court hearing to be quick — typically around 15 minutes total. If you are nervous about what goes on during a hearing, you can sit in on small claims court cases in advance.

How to collect on a judgment?

To collect on a judgment, you may have to get a lien on the person’s property through the court. Alternatively, a lien to order a wage garnishment can be issued. The process is fairly straightforward, but it’s easier to get a lawyer to do it for you.

How to prove a loan?

Preparing your case involves gathering all documentary evidence to prove that: 1 You worked or delivered the products/services that the debtor in question ordered; or 2 You loaned someone a given amount of money under the pretext that they were supposed to pay you back within a specific period 3 The customer or person in question didn’t pay you what they owe

What is the alternative to small claims court?

Alternative to Small Claims Court: Mediation. In mediation, the settlement process is run by a mediator who brings both parties to the table to clear up the dispute and reach an amicable resolution. While the process is voluntary, the court can also mandate it.

Why do we have small claims court?

They come in handy to help people having a hard time collecting money owed to them.

Is small claims easy?

While the small claims process is an easy one, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t prepare carefully. The process is designed to be easy for anyone, especially if you want to avoid paying attorney fees.

Can you file a small claims lawsuit if you loan someone gas?

So, if you loaned someone money for gas and they refuse to pay, that amount doesn’t meet the minimum threshold for filing a suit with the small claims court. Find out what the limit is for your state to determine if you can go to court over the matter. To begin the small claims process, you need to file a complaint with your county.

Reasons to File a Lawsuit Against Someone Who Owes You Money

The most important thing that you need to know about suing someone who owes you money is that you need to provide evidence that shows they owe you money as well as the amount. In some cases, you might have handed your friend money, and they said they'd pay you back but never did.

Someone Owes Me Money, How Do I File a Lawsuit Myself?

It takes many years of education to learn to become an attorney, and you have to pass the bar exam. This is because it takes detailed work to file a lawsuit. An incorrect form or the wrong information can send you back to the beginning.

Dangers and Issues Associated With Filing a Lawsuit by Yourself

Filing a lawsuit means submitting the right forms with correct information and everything done in the right order. One small mistake can lead a judge to throw out your case and force you to start over. While you might not need to hire an attorney, you do need guidance.

How to Sue Someone Who Owes Me Money With DoNotPay

When you decide to forgo a lawyer and sue someone who owes you money by yourself, you deserve guidance to recoup the money you're owed. DoNotPay can provide the guidance you need to navigate small claims courts. DoNotPay provides you with the first artificially intelligent robot attorney app to guide you through the process.

DoNotPay Tackles Small Claims and More

With DoNotPay on your side, the legal process is easier than ever. DoNotPay offers you the help of the world's first artificial intelligence (AI) lawyer with the click of your mouse. The app guides you through the process of filing a court case with the specific documents you need to get you on your way to a favorable judgment.

How to collect a debt when you have lent someone money?

When you have lent a friend or relative money and they are not paying you back, you’re most likely going to have to rely upon your negotiation skills to try and recover the debt.

When you loan money to a friend, is it important to understand?

When you loan money to a friend, it’s important to understand that although it may help them in the short term , you are essentially providing them with a quick fix solution to what may be a long term problem.

What is the importance of taking money into account?

Another important aspect worth taking into account is their financial situation . Depending on the context and the amount being borrowed, understanding what they will be using the money for is extremely important. Perhaps the money will be used for a legitimate reason, like children’s school fees, being behind on mortgage repayments, or a car that needs fixing. Or perhaps they might have a gambling or some other form of addiction you and their family may not even know about. Before lending them the money, speak to their family members and see what information you can gather.

Can you get your money back if you can't repay it?

In most cases, the borrower will most likely feel guilty about asking you for the money, probably also feeling guilty when they can’t repay you . So tread carefully, yet be firm in your stance when trying to recover the money.

Should I borrow money to friends and family?

In Hindsight. It is generally advisable that you avoid lending money to friends and family. But if you choose to and they have agreed to signing an IOU form, Promissory Note or a Loan Agreement, you are in a slightly better situation as these can be used as evidence if you decide to take them to court.

Do you feel bad about paying off your mortgage?

Don’t feel bad. And don’t allow them to make you feel bad. Although you may be better at saving or paying off your mortgage repayments, you don’t need to feel guilty that they are not as savvy with their money. If you have the means then by all means loan it to them, but if you don’t, then you don’t.

Do you leave a paper trail when lending money?

Leaving a paper trail. As much as it seems awkward to bring it up, when you are lending anyone money, regardless of whether they are a close friend or a distant relative, it is advisable to leave a paper trail of the transaction, some form of legal document alongside the repayments made.

What to do if someone owes you money and won't pay it?

If someone owes you money and won't pay up, you might consider filing a lawsuit to have a judge order them to pay it. However, you should keep in mind that filing a lawsuit – even in small claims court – can be a lot more complicated than it might appear in daytime television shows such as People's Court. Beyond that, a court's order only gives you ...

Where do you sue a person who owes you money?

If the person owes you money under a written contract, you want to sue either in the county where the contract was signed, or where most of the work under the contract was performed.

What to do if someone refuses to pay you?

If someone owes you money but refuses to pay, you might have to file a lawsuit to have a judge order them to pay . Start by gathering your evidence, including written contracts, any proof of a loan, or receipts for initial payments on monies owed.

What to do if you don't want to testify in court?

If they don't want to appear in court, you typically have the option of having the court issue a subpoena that will force your witnesses to appear.

How to recover money owed in a lawsuit?

Gather your evidence. To recover the money you're owed through a lawsuit, you must have proof of the debt. If you have a written contract, that part of your proof is relatively straightforward. However, in many cases money is loaned through a handshake deal in which no formal contract is signed.

What to do if you loan someone money?

If you loaned someone money, be prepared that he or she may try to claim that the money was a gift rather than a loan. Any proof you may have that it was in fact a loan will go a long way. For example, suppose you loaned a friend $1,000 to get repairs done on his car.

How much can you sue in small claims court?

However, each state has a maximum dollar amount for which you're allowed to sue in small claims court – typically somewhere between $5,000 and $10,000, although it may be as little as $2,000.